The era of NFTs is upon us. From $69M Beeple paintings, to SNL skits, the term "NFT" has entered popular culture in a major way. The non-fungible asset class is here to stay and NFTs will continue to command attention and investment from existing and new markets.
It is clear that NFTs have value. However, due to the unique nature of NFTs, that value is locked in an illiquid state that can only be unlocked when a buyer and seller come together on the open market. While this arrangement works well enough for niche use cases such as gaming and art, it becomes a major limiting factor for innovation on top of NFTs.
At the core of this limitation is the lack of a reliable, data-driven method for NFT valuation. Mainstream hype and a frothy crypto market have led to astronomical pricing that has blurred the line between objective and subjective valuation. While it is tempting to assume that NFT values will continue to rise and remain stable over time, this assumption lacks the nuance and data needed to drive a valuation framework that will bring longevity to the non-fungible asset class.
Once NFTs can be objectively and reliably valued, novel products and use cases will emerge in same way that composability unleashed a wave of innovation in DeFi. As new applications emerge, there will be a massive opportunity to unlock the potential of NFTs through innovative approaches to asset valuation and liquidity transformation.
The Polyient Network is the first cross-chain network dedicated to NFT data aggregation, price analysis and liquidity transformation. By combining several technological innovations, a robust token economy and an open data network, Polyient is building a next-generation network to power the NFT ecosystem of tomorrow.
As innovators and active participants in the NFT ecosystem, we are all too familiar with the issues surrounding NFT asset valuation. The buzz around NFTs at the height of a crypto bull market has driven insatiable interest and wild price fluctuations that make it difficult for enthusiasts to know if they're making sound purchases.
While some NFTs are "pure art" and are considered impossible to value, we hold to our conviction that not all NFTs will follow this same pattern of subjective price evaluation. As use cases emerge that unlock the potential of NFTs, we believe that an objective, data-driven pricing methodology will be critical to the growth and adoption of NFTs.
At the core of the Polyient Network is a multi-faceted approach to asset valuation. The following steps outline the high-level approach to asset valuation.
Data is harvested and combined from a diverse set of sources. This data, which includes on-chain transaction data and off-chain indicators, is aggregated and modeled for analysis.
An array of analysis models are used to derive historical price movement, current value and predictive price estimates. Each of these analyses is weighted using contextual indicators such as time on market, relative price ranges and relative volume. This helps answer not just the question "what is an asset worth?" but also "what is an asset worth relative to the rest of the NFT market? (the more important question for objective analysis).
After asset valuation and weighting is performed, the asset is then assigned an asset category and grade which can be used alongside the valuation estimate to guide interaction with the asset.
Dapps, marketplaces and other data consumers can access this data through a network of decentralized oracles. This is a familiar pattern in the crypto industry that mimics the way that smart contracts currently access cryptocurrency price data.
All interaction across the Polyient Network is facilitated by Polyient Network Token (PNT). This utility token enables trustless participation in the network and seeks to limit malicious behavior. Here is how PNT is used across the Polyient Network:
Data providers PNT is used as the payment mechanism to reward data providers for contribution to the network. Data providers must stake PNT to contribute data and rewards can only be claimed after a data evaluation is performed by the network.
Oracle nodes To participate in the delivery of data, oracles are required to stake PNT. This ensures that oracles are disincentivized from tampering with valuation data and incentivizes high network availability.
Data consumers Dapps, marketplaces and smart contracts use PNT to access valuation data. This requirement seeks to prevent malicious behavior such as DDOS attacks on the network.
Governance In the future, PNT will provide governance functions that will allow PNT holders to weigh in on important network changes to reward mechanisms and data source additions.
With the launch of the Polyient Synthetic Asset platform, PNT will be required when a user vaults an NFT to produce an index token or other synthetic asset.
Initial Vault Sale (IVS)
Team & Consultants
Polyient Games Rewards
Misc. (Referral Program, DEX Liquidity, etc.)
*PNT is created from vaults on per block basis. The total amount of PNT emitted from vaults may vary slightly due to the slightly inconsistent nature of block times.
Initial Vault Sale (IVS)
The Initial Vault Sale (IVS) is a new form of digital asset launch that enables startups to sell NFT collectibles that can be independently leveraged by users to farm fungible utility or governance tokens via Polyient Vaults.
Through IVS, users are able to purchase dedicated collectibles (artwork, in-game items, etc.) that are accepted as units of staking value within a Polyient Vault. You can think of these NFTs as the machinery that is needed to make a Polyient Vault function to produce rewards.
We have developed the IVS model to be incredibly flexible and capable of fitting into a variety of project types, including blockchain games, NFT art initiatives, DeFi protocols, and more. With Polyient Vaults, projects are able to fully control the reward conversions and inflation rates associated with their staking periods.
Polyient Network Token IVS
The Polyient Network Token IVS includes 3 distinct rounds:
Private Sale - ~71.4M PNT Cap
Discounted (25%) Public Sale - ~142.8M PNT Cap
Full Public Sale - ~1.785B PNT Cap
There will be 5 distinct vault tiers, each will only accept NFTs that are exclusively available for purchase during the discounted and full public sales. Each vault will have a specific PNT allocation that can be earned over a 12-month staking period, with rewards distributed at each block.
The Polyient Network uses a diverse array of input data types sourced from a decentralized group of data providers.
The following table outlines the major input data types used throughout the Polyient Network.
Transaction data collected directly from the blockchain
Activity data connected to a watch list of active wallets
Anonymized user activity data captured by data providers
User preference and purchase intent data from data providers
Social and trend activity
Social activity and trend indicators from a watchlist of sources
News and market data from a variety of relevant sources
Collected input data is analyzed through series of algorithms that compare historical transaction data, market prices and predictive price estimates. Pricing metadata is then assigned to assets.
The following table outlines the pricing metadata that is associated with asset valuation.
An inferred category assignment based on asset traits
Weighted price estimate based on historical, current and predicted price
Indicates predicted price movement in the next 7 days
Indicates price volatility relative to similar assets within the assets category
Through a web of index nodes, the Polyient Network will provide comprehensive and up-to-date indexing of NFT transactions. New index nodes can join the network by staking PNT and are rewarded for high uptime.
To introduce off-chain data for NFTs, we will have a series of oracle contracts that allow 3rd parties to stake and earn PNT. It is possible to have custom oracle systems that can price complex NFTs on the fly for PNT payment. This will be an important graduation avenue for popular models used in the Polyient Network.
A major component of NFT pricing is aesthetics and cultural movement. This is not so easy to capture in on-chain smart contracts. Through NFT Market Cap, the Polyient Network has access to ongoing social research, trend-spotting via interactive experiences and trend mining. This kind of hard to reproduce data will provide an enduring advantage for Polyient Network participants.
Today, NFT platforms and marketplaces rely on marketing buzz and influencer reach to explain the benefit and value of NFTs. The new user onboarding process becomes more compelling when quantitative valuation data is embedded in asset interactions. Users can rely on a trusted third party to provide independent valuation that can be brought to the forefront on an NFT platform. This is similar to web 2.0 patterns of using third parties to value assets (ex: TrueCar, Zillow, etc.).
NFT platforms can also leverage the custom pricing model capabilities of the Polyient Network and stake PNT to prioritize the execution of pricing models for their NFTs. They can also publish these models via NFT Market Cap to get open source and peer review and increase confidence in the prices. This transforms the value relationship with users from "trust us" to "trust the data and code" and reinforces the ethos of an open and decentralized economy.
The Polyient Network is an open data ecosystem that allows data providers to actively contribute data to the network. We anticipate the addition of many data providers and are committed to creating a decentralized ecosystem that promotes equitable data provider relationships and fair ecosystem growth.
NFT Market Cap is a sister organization to Polyient that will act as the data and analysis clearinghouse for the Polyient Network. NFT Market Cap combines input data types sourced from data providers and performs the analyses required to provide asset valuation metadata to the Polyient Network.
The Polyient Network implements a typescript-based hosted execution environment. This approach allows data providers to create and share custom pricing models that can be executed by dapps, marketplaces and custom smart contract environments.
The creator of a model can allow the model to be executed on a continual basis by staking PNT to signal the importance of the model and provide a means to get it evaluated on a frequent basis (eg: every 10 ETH blocks). Models can provide an API that charges PNT to call or use it, allowing the valuable IP of a model builder to provide rewards and incentivize building on the Polyient Network.
The top NFTs by value or market cap will be the prime candidates for inclusion into the Polyient NFT Index. This index will provide a single glance metric for assessing the value of the NFT market as a whole. Over time, curation guided by staked-PNT voting will provide a mechanism for the community to guide the direction of the index.
In addition to the Polyient NFT Index, we will also be introducing the Polyient Synthetic Asset platform that enables users to leverage NFTs from across the top projects to stake inside of dedicated Polyient Vaults in order to mint liquid, fungible tokens.
This system requires users to input PNT as a secondary form of collateral to account for price fluctuations of their inputted NFTs, allowing users to retain exposure to the upside (or downside) of their vaulted assets.
As the Polyient Network live pricing method expands, Polyient will be introducing a new set of user-driven un-collateralized synthetics that enable DeFi enthusiasts to gain exposure to the NFT asset class without needing to own an NFT.
These synthetics can include everything from project-specific trading products for long or short exposure, volatility indices, and on-chain leveraged tokens.
Polyient is but one entity that will ultimately leverage the open pricing model to design DeFi products on top of the NFT asset class. Synthetic derivative products and protocols from third-party developers (powered by Polyient Network) will help establish a lego system similar to what has functioned well in the traditional DeFi market.
All of the Polyient synthetic products described in this litepaper will ultimately be available for trading on the Polyient DEX, the decentralized exchange for Polyient Network and Polyient Games. Additionally, the third-party DeFi products launched on top of the Polyient Network will have the option of being promoted on the Polyient DEX.
Currently, the Polyient DEX is a Uniswap V2 fork that lives on Ethereum with the main role to function as a value relay point between NFT economies.
Polyient is actively working on the next iteration of the Polyient DEX and the introduction of Polyient Network synthetic tokens will bring a new wave of utility and liquidity to this protocol, with the Polyient Games Ecosystem as the main beneficiary.